I’ve planned a series of posts atPre-Raphaelite Sisterhood that focuses on Pre-Raphaelite paintings of Shakespeare’s works. I felt it fitting to begin with Walter Howell Deverell’s Twelfth Night, which also marks Lizzie Siddal’s first appearance on canvas: Pre-Raphaelites and Shakespeare: Twelfth Night
As mentioned in a previous post, I happily stumbled upon and purchased a set of Little Journeys in a local second-hand bookshop. I will be sharing the portions of the series that involve people related to the Pre-Raphaelites here at LizzieSiddal.com in PDF format.
Thank you to Cathy Baker of Gather Ye Rosebuds while ye may for bringing this to my attention.
Originally published in Manchester Guardian on 29 March 1904. William Michael Rossetti starts off with the intention of setting the record straight that John Ruskin did not “set Pre-Raphaelitism going”. Excerpt below, click here to read the entire article.
It is quite a mistake to suppose that Ruskin set Pre-Raphaelitism going. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was formed in the early autumn of 1848. I need only mention three of the members – Millais, Holman Hunt, and my brother, Dante Rossetti. I am sure neither Millais nor Rossetti had in 1848 any acquaintance with Ruskin’s books. Holman Hunt may perhaps have known something, but if there was one young man in the painting profession resolutely disposed to act upon his own perceptions and views, and not upon those of other people, that man was Holman Hunt.
Visit this page to see an image of The Germ, issue February 1850 (price one shilling)
Ten texts and images of The Germ at the Rossetti Archive ….. The Germ was the organ for disseminating the work and ideas of the initial Pre-Raphaelite circle….
Also, I’ve added a few links to the site map…
These lecture events are Birmingham based. For more information, please visit The Pre-Raphaelite Society. Membership information can be found here.
09 June 2007 (re-arranged from February 2007)
The MacDonald Sisters
Lecture to be given by Ina Taylor. Ina is a contemporary writer “ her bestselling publications include ˜The Edwardian Lady: the Story of Edith Holden, plus ˜Victorian Sisters. The lecture will consider the remarkable lives of the four MacDonald sisters, who were all connected through marriage, with distinguished men of the nineteenth century.
21 July 2007
Ernest Gimson: designer, architect and archetypal Arts and Crafts man
Mary Greensted, Curator at Cheltenham Museum and Art Gallery, will talk about Gimson’s involvement with the Arts and Crafts movement, his work across differing disciplines and the way in which his workshops were run.
20 October 2007
AGM and Founders Day Lecture
This year’s lecture will be given by Paul Barlow and is entitled ‘John Everett Millais, from Pre-Raphaelite to Aesthete to Realist’ Paul will look at new interpretations of Millais’ early work, and how his early achievements can provide an insight into the meaning of some of his most important and wrongly neglected later paintings.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was started in 1848 by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, as a reaction against what they saw as the stale, formula-driven art produced by the Royal Academy at the time. These artists believed that they justified both themselves and the name of their association by rejecting compositions characteristic of Raphael, adopted by his pupils and bound firmly into the traditions of painting. This brotherhood was intended to be a secret group, but the meaning of the PRB was leaked out, possibly by Rossetti. The movement was aided by John Ruskin in his lectures at Oxford (1870-79). By his influence, two young students of Merton College were led to follow the principles of Pre-Raphaelitism, William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones. Burne-Jones created pictures which readily translated themselves into tapestries and stained glass. Morris revolutionized decorating in Victorian England because of his work in industrial arts. The experiments of Morris in dyeing and weaving greatly advanced these crafts. His designs for textiles were carried through continental Europe, where they especially influenced Belgium and France, where the Pre-Raphaelite movement (modified and broadened) grew into l’Art Nouveau at the beginning of the 20th century and came to include all arts.
Subject matter: The majority of Pre Raphaelite works include literary themes including Shakespeare, Arthurian legend, Tennyson, and Keats. The Pre Raphaelites were romantics in the extreme, which shows through their lush and vivid paintings.
The Germ: Usually described as “The Pre Raphaelite Journal”, The Germ was published by Dante Gabriel Rossetti and other friends (and often included poetry contributed by his sister, Christina Rossetti). The Germ ran for only four issues and began in 1850, two years after the PRB was created.